Have you got an Anal Fissure?
Whilst most anal itches can be soothed by administering a cool and calming cream, there are sometimes more serious causes that may need the attention of a GP to diagnose and treat. One of the most common is an anal fissure, a tear or ulcer on the lining of the anal wall. This can cause pain and irritation as well as bleeding and needs to be treated properly if you think you have one.
An anal fissure can often be caused by something like a period of constipation, but other conditions can also have an influence including:
It’s estimated that one in ten of us will suffer from an anal fissure at some point in our lives and it can occur in anyone, young, old, male or female. Normally, an anal fissure will heal by itself but if symptoms persist then you will need to pay a visit to your GP, even if you are embarrassed. Your GP will undertake a visual examination if the problem is near the opening of the anus or might have to explore the anal canal with his finger. Under certain circumstances he or she may well refer you to a specialist unit for assessment.
Treating your anal fissure
There are a number of ways in which you can ease the discomfort of an anal fissure while you give it time to heal. These mostly revolve around ensuring that you can pass stools easily and include:
The good news is that there only exceptional circumstances where an anal fissure will require something more dramatic like surgery. This usually happens when it is a bad tear in the anal wall that has trouble healing on its own. Your GP will geneerally prescribe solutions like an anal cream and laxatives to keep your bowels moving properly.
Preventing anal fissures
It’s not really possible to totally prevent anal fissures but you can reduce their likelihood by eating a high fibre diet that includes plenty of green vegetables, wholegrain rice and bread and other healthy foods. Basically you are looking at anything that helps to avoid constipation which can cause you to overstrain, so exercise and plenty of water are all included in the list.